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By By Raúl A. Montenegro.
There are seven fundamental reasons:
1) Because human beings need certain ecological organizations to stay on the planet in the long term. Our life as we know it would be impossible in a world totally covered with cities, monocultures and garbage dumps. We need nature to continue to function with the maximum number of environments and species to avoid crises in the supply of oxygen, water, food, fuel, fibers, landscapes and climatic stability.
2) Because most human beings consciously or unconsciously ignore this reality. While large companies promote the replacement of natural ecosystems by industrial crops, as lucrative as they are ephemeral, the world's poor must degrade their environment in order not to die. Both the consumerist debauchery of the minorities and the justified despair of the human majorities then provoke, in a framework of terrible social injustices, the disappearance of ecosystems and species.
3) Because this destruction is generalized much faster than the implementation of just societies and conservationist criteria. There is no time in most ecosystems for long, precise studies. It is urgent to protect with vigor and inventiveness every environment that can be protected.
4) Because many ecosystems are the natural shelter of indigenous groups and extractive reserves. And man also needs to be protected.
5) Because society needs parks to learn to read the environment and to learn to read itself.
6) Because they preserve unknown medicinal plants, animal species potentially suitable for reproduction in captivity and different types of useful genetic information for humans.
7) Because parks and reserves remind us of a yesterday that must continue to exist for our descendants.
Currently, there are 30 natural areas in Argentina protected by the National Parks Administration (APN) and 216 areas of national (not APN), provincial, municipal and private jurisdiction. In the province of Córdoba there is a National Park (El Cóndor), 10 protected natural areas of provincial jurisdiction (Cerro Colorado, Chancaní, La Quebrada, Laguna La Felipa, Mar Chiquita, El Potrerillo, Las Tunas, Las Tunitas, Monte de las Barrancas and Suquía), one municipal (Parque Tan), two private (La Aguadita, Los Dos Hermanas) and a reserve of the National University of Córdoba (Vaquería). In total, there are 15 natural areas with different degrees of protection
De Zorzi, D. L and A. I. Malvarez. 1987. Processes of deterioration in ecosystems. In: The environmental situation in Argentina in the 1970s, J. Hardoy E. -Suárez (Comp.), Editorial CEUR, Buenos Aires, pp. 65-79
Montenegro, R. A. 1985. "Why do we need protected natural areas?". Page On Ecology, La Voz del Interior Newspaper, August 25, Córdoba, pp.10. Also: (1987). Deforestation in the Argentine Republic. Editorial WRI / ANCON / CEMA, Panama, 5 p. and (1994) Introduction to urban ecology. Editorial Centro Inv. Amb, National University Mar del Plata, 139 p. Wilson, E. O. 1992. The diversity of life. Norton Editorial, New York, 424 p.
Source: FUNAM. Foundation for the defense of the environment