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Behind this world war there are motor axes that produce and feed it beyond the simple arrest or murder of Bin Laden. Now we see that the interests are more complex and that both sides, Bush and Bin, are highly involved.
1) Oil and Gas
Currently, energy equivalent to 210 million barrels of oil per day is required in the world. Specifically, of the necessary world energy, 38% comes from oil, for which 75 million barrels per day of crude oil are required; 22% is natural gas equivalent to 46 million barrels; 26% of the energy comes from coal; 7% of nuclear energy; and the other 7% comes from hydraulic, solar, wind energy, among others. All this energy is spent 20% on transportation; more than 30% for lighting, cooling, heating, transmission and reception of information, domestic use, shops and public buildings. The rest is mainly for the steel, cement, glass, chemical, aluminum, cellulose and paper industry.
The United States (EU) produces 12% of world oil production, that is, 9 million barrels per day; but it consumes 25% of the world's crude oil, that is, 20 of the 75 million barrels per day produced in the world. Therefore, they have to import another 11 million to cover their needs. Of these, Mexico sells 1,600,000 and Venezuela 2 million barrels of crude per day, the rest comes from the Arab world. At the current rate of production, the US has crude for 11 years, but if it had to produce everything it consumes, it would only have oil for 4 years. That is why the US imports millions of barrels a day and desperately seeks to guarantee access to oil markets such as Canada and Mexico, but this does not solve all the problem. (The US has 173 refineries; Mexico 6; Russia 45 and consumes 4 million barrels per day; and the European Union 20 refineries and consumes 5 million barrels per day of oil).
But where is the oil? In the Middle East is 65% of the world's crude oil reserves; in Venezuela 7% (which also explains the militarization of Plan Colombia); another 7% in Africa (Algeria, Libya and Nigeria, mainly); and 5% in Russia. In the case of natural gas, 28% is in Russia; 9% in the Persian; another 9% in the North Sea (Holland, Norway and England); 7% in Canada; and another 7% in Africa (Algeria and Nigeria, mainly).
In the case of the American Continent, the US strategy is to create a continental oil energy bloc within the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) that includes the Puebla Panama Plan and the Colombia Plan, both of which tend to expand geographically to gradually conform the FTAA. The Petroamérica initiative attempts to form a large transnational that could merge Pemex de México with Petrobras de Brasil, PdeV S.A. of Venezuela, Ecopetrol of Peru and YPF-REPSOL of Spain in Argentina, under North American interests.
The interests of the United States on oil are closely related to the war that now occupies us. Central Asia is the second largest oil basin in the world with nearly 200 billion barrels of oil reserves, after the Persian Gulf which has 660 billion barrels. Hence the interest in controlling the Asian European bridge and therefore the commercialization of the area, as in the case of drugs. Furthermore, the territory of Afghanistan also concentrates 4% of the world's coal reserves, but they are not exploited; and it also has copper, iron, sulfur, zinc, salt, lead and precious and semi-precious stones.
In 1997 the government of the Taliban of Afghanistan signed an agreement with Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to bring natural gas through a gas pipeline from the shores of the Caspian Sea of former Soviet Central Asia to Afghanistan. In that year, the US oil companies Unocal, the Saudi Delta Oil, the Pakistani Crescent Group, the Russian Gazprom, the South Korean Hyundai Engineering Construction Company and the Japanese Inpex and Itochu, together with the government of Turkmenistan, formed the Central Asia Gas company. Pipeline Ltd (Centgas) to build the 1,464 kilometer pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan through Afghanistan, and from there 750 kilometers to India. This gas pipeline would transport 20 billion cubic meters of gas annually. To do this, a high-level commission from the Taliban government came to the US and was received in Sugarland, Texas, by the Unocal company, which made the Taliban forget about an agreement they were making in parallel with the Argentina Bridas company to build the same project.
Later, Unocal and Delta Oil took 85% of Centgas shares, and the US was concerned about the strong presence of Saudi Arabia in the project and, in 1998, launched attacks in Afghanistan against alleged havens of Osama Bin Laden. Faced with insecurity, Unocal withdrew and the project was left to the Saudis of Delta Oil. Saudi Arabia's control over Caspian Sea oil, coupled with Pakistan's nuclear weapons might, become a priority for Washington. Thus, during the George Bush (Sr.) government, the US began an expansionist oil policy. In 1991 he convinced Mikhail Gorbachev to open Russia to private companies in the oil industry. Thus, Chevron won exploration contracts in Kazakhstan, Amocco in Azerbaijan, Mobil in Sakhalin, and Exxon in Russia.
After Goerge Bush (Sr.) became director of the CIA in 1976, in June 1977, Bush (Jr.) formed his own oil company with 50 investors in the state of Texas, translating his surname into Spanish: Arbusto Energy. One of the main investors was James R. Bath, the Texas representative of Osama Bin Laden's father. As he did not find oil and prices collapsed, he had to be rescued several times until he merged with the oil company Spectrum 7, where Gerge Bush Jr. remains as president with 13.6% of the shares. Spectrum 7 goes bankrupt and is bought by Harken Energy which pays Bush for his shares, keeps him on the payroll and then allows him to buy Harken shares at a price 40% below their value. In 1990 Harken is chosen for offshore drilling in Bahrain with the help of BCCI bank. Bush then sold 60% of his shares in Harken Oil days before Iraq invaded Kuwuait in 1990 and those shares fell 25%. Thanks to BCCI bank, Geroge Bush Jr. mounted illicit enrichment operations. Khaled Ben Mafhuz, Osama Bin Laden's privileged partner, was a shareholder of Harkem and another member of the Bin Laden clan was represented by R. Bath in said company. Incidentally, Osama Bin Laden rejected the 1981 offer by Turki Ibn Azis Bin Saud, brother of the current Saudi monarch, to become Saudi Arabia's Oil Minister.
For some analysts, the economy and the dollar as the world's trading currency would have entered an acceleration of the crisis had it not been for the bailout of 30 trillion dollars from the Bank of Japan for a period of three months and power, between other things, stabilize oil prices. However, the most powerful transnational oil "four sisters", Exxon-Mobil, Chevron-Texaco, Royal Dutch Shell and BP, expect that in the coming months the price of oil will rise to a historical record of up to 50 dollars per barrel, and that the oil market of Afghanistan and neighboring countries can be pulverized. For Russia, the war will also benefit it since, although it cannot now have access to the narco-dollars of Afghanistan, it can do so with the rise in oil prices, since in Siberia there is the second largest oil reserve in the world that supplies it. 60% of its tax revenue to the Russian government.
For all the above, oil is one of the causes that generate and feed the war. For the World Bank, this has been the explanation for most of the wars of the 20th century, although it predicted in 1995 that it would be the case for water in the 21st century. That is why the Canadian province of Alberta requested a greater presence of the army to protect the local production of oil and natural gas that is destined for the United States. In the same way, he proposed to suspend the next meeting of the Group of the Eight most industrialized countries in the world (G-8) that is intended to be held in June 2002 in this province.
The business of banks also play an important role in the war. We have already seen how terrorist acts also generated large gains in the shares of some companies. Banks are the veins that carry the blood of world capital. The protagonists of this war are also involved in them. Bush and Bin had ties to the BCCI scandal that operated in 73 countries, the bank that starred in one of the biggest financial scandals in history and that closed in 1991 in the context of the recent defeat, and therefore withdrawal from the Soviet Union Afghanistan, and the American success on that conflict.
James R. Bath appears again with ties to the Bush and Bin Laden, as well as with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) channeling funds from covert operations such as the "Contras" in Nicaragua, bribes to governments and handling of deposits of terrorist groups during the Reagan administration; in addition to being involved with the money laundering of the Medellín cartel and arms trafficking. Saudi millionaires and sheikhs used Bath's name to invest in BCCI bank, including Osama Bin Laden's father who operated Hosuton Gulf Airport in Texas, in which Bin Laden had financial stakes. The Bushes, Bath, Bins, the CIA, arms dealers, magnates and other gems had various ties to BCCI.
When Bush threatened to confiscate assets from banks and financial institutions that refused to freeze accounts of individuals or companies suspected of supporting terrorist groups, at the bottom there is also the war of financial control. By decree it froze the funds of 27 entities or groups linked to terrorism in the US and generated a massive escalation of capital flight not only in the main North American banks but also in the world. However, it is a measure that he does not use against banks close to his interests that launder drug money, including the Chasse Manhattan Bank, accused in the international press of having links with the world's largest drug traffickers. It is these transnational banks that are taking over other national banks, such as in Mexico, where all the commercial banks have been bought by City Group, BBV, among others.
According to some sources, Bin Laden financially managed the CIA operations in Afghanistan to expel the Soviets with an amount of 2 billion dollars. It is estimated that 80% of the funds with which Al Qaeda and Bin Laden have operated have but with funds obtained from the US secret services. On the other hand, Bin Laden inherited around 300 million dollars as part of the Saudi Bin Laden Group (SBG), a corporation that created the Swiss investment company Sico (Saudi Investment Company) that in turn created several companies with subsidiaries of the national Saudi Commercial Bank. The BCCI also operated Sico resources. The SBG has significant interests in General Electric, Nortel Networks and Cadbury Schweppes. The SBG's financial resources are managed by the investment bank Carlyle Group, which specializes in acquisitions of aerospace and defense companies. The Carlyle Group, which manages Bin Laden Group investments, is represented internationally by Geroge Bush Sr. and former British Prime Minister Nohn Major.
The SBG was awarded most of the contracts for the construction of the US military bases in Saudi Arabia and the reconstruction of Kuwait after the Gulf War. The Carlyle Group is the 11th largest US arms company, and its president, Frank C. Carlucci, was a CIA deputy director and then defense secretary. Therefore, Osama Bin Laden was - and his family still is - one of the main financial partners of the Bush family. George Bush Sr. could be one of the beneficiaries of the stock market maneuvers linked to 9/11.
For other analysts, the Saudi Bin Laden group has several divisions: Projects, Quarry, airports and public buildings, banking, among others. The rest of the Bin Laden family denies having ties to Osama, who has carried out share purchase and sale operations on various stock exchanges around the world that presumably would have given him a profit of 250 million dollars. Thus, the banking services allow Bin Laden to manage from his bunker his leather exports to Italy, his sales of seeds and sunflower oil to Tunisia and Morocco, the construction of a highway in Sudan. Bin Laden's fortune increases every time a soda is sold in the world since he owns the Gum Arabic Company of Sudan that supplies the bulk of the gum arabic used in sodas, a substance that prevents decanting at the bottom of the bottle or the can of soft drinks, and also in the manufacture of medicines and cosmetics.
According to the British magazine Jane’s Intelligence Review, it also has fishing boats and refrigerators in Mombasa, Africa; Sudan-based maritime transport company Zirkani and Laden International; diamond and lapis lazuli polishing workshops in Tajikistan; diamond mines in Uganda; logging companies in Turkey and fruit exporters in various parts of Africa and Asia. The investment funds Ladin International and Taba Inversiones, a construction company and the transport company Qudurat Transport Company, help channel investments and provide coverage for the purchase of weapons, explosives and chemical supplies.
Various British banks such as the now Royal Bank of Scotland have lent their names to Bin Laden to acquire uranium from South Africa or American or Israeli military equipment, such as night vision devices and infrared sights, navigation devices, etc. Other banking movements of Osama Bin Laden for millions of dollars are made through the Islamic Bank in Kuwuait. He also manages accounts at the Erste Bank in Vienna. In Sudan he created his own bank: Al-Shamal Islamic in which he invested 50 million dollars. Another reference partner is the Tadamon Islamic Bank. Osama Bin Laden is also a shareholder of the Dubai Islamic Bank. He was also a shareholder in the Sudanese pharmaceutical laboratory that the US bombed in 1998. For some sources, Islamic financial institutions operate in 75 countries where around 230 billion dollars circulate and many Western banks operate Muslim financial products. That is why Bush is interested in breaking Osama's banking financial flow. It is the war for control of the circulatory system of capital.
3) Drug trafficking.
Drug trafficking, along with the military industry and biotechnology, is another of the world's most profitable businesses. The US is the main consumer of drugs in the world, so it is also present in wars. In addition, let's not forget that the US government has financed wars with drug trafficking funds, such as the case of the contras in Nicaragua or with Manuel Noriega of Panama, cases to which John P. Walters, the government's new drug czar, is linked. U.S. Different investigations have been published regarding the money laundering of drug trafficking from the main US transnational private banks. Some analyzes estimate that the flow of narco-dollars in the US economy ranges between 250 and 300 billion dollars.
Afghanistan is the world's largest producer of opium and heroin in the world (70%) with a production of 4,600 metric tons of opium on 51,500 hectares, and the fourth largest producer of hashish in the world. At the same time, it is the main supplier in Europe up to 90% and 60% of the EU demand. The bombing against Afghanistan could cause an increase in its production in Colombia and thus justify the already scandalous militarization of Latin America and the Caribbean; in addition to undermining the financial resources of Russia, Pakistan and other Asian countries that live on narco dollars as one of their main currencies. According to the United Nations Drugs Control Program (UNDCP), production in Afghanistan takes place in the areas controlled by the Taliban from where Osama Bin Laden finances his operations. After the drug tax, the Taliban government gets, as a second source of income, the smuggling tax.
In May of this year, Secretary of State Colin Powell announced the delivery of 43 million dollars to the Taliban government as a reward for the eradication of opium plantations last February, becoming the largest benefactor of the government of Afghanistan that now fight. Various analyzes indicate that poppy cultivation has fertile ground in Azerbaijan and, like the CIA in the US, the Russian military and its intelligence agencies facilitate its trade as a source of resources. By the way, Vice President Richard Cheney and Under Secretary of State Richard Armitage are members of the Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce in the US. Many coincidences suddenly appear everywhere.
Tom de Venice, writer of political speeches and critic of the Bush administration, affirms that President Bush was immersed in a possible scandal before the attack by the escape of Carlos Lehder, founder of the Medellín Cartel, from a Florida prison, and a bribe to the Supreme Court of Justice with money from this Cartel, channeled through Jeb Bush (brother of Goerge Walker) and Hugh Rotham (brother of former first lady Hillary Clinton). For Tom de Venice the terrorist attacks were orchestrated by the Clinton-Bush forces to distract public opinion about the trial of Hillary Clinton's brother, the possible extradition of Ledher from Germany and to buy time in order to reorganize the debacle of the World economy. He also claims that former members of the Iraqi army and German intelligence assisted the aerosuicides to smuggle weapons into the hijacked planes. This story is indeed a novel and reminds us of the bombing ordered by Bill Clinton when the sexual scandal with his assistant.
Therefore, in this war we cannot leave behind the interests of drug trafficking. How far does it determine it? For now, some drug cartels will lose, others will win from the destruction of Afghanistan. The world geostrategic and political map will be altered. New drug trafficking routes will be formed after the militarization and control of borders in the world. Which cartels should destroy the Afghan drug market? Who would be willing to finance this war, support it, and even donate military equipment?
The news broadcasts around the world do not stop reporting on the possibilities of the use of chemical, nuclear and bacteriological weapons. In the case of chemical and biological chemicals, for which no country is prepared to face them, their use is the most lethal, with the greatest scope and with the lowest costs. The US and England know of this since in recent years their respective governments have granted permits to companies to sell them. The New York Times, on February 28, 1998, listed Western sales of materials needed for germ warfare and other weapons of mass destruction. In the 1980s, with the approval of the US government, deadly pathogens made by Fort Detrick of Maryland were sold. The English government, until before 1997, continued to grant licenses to British companies to export supplies for the manufacture of biological weapons to governments such as Iraq. The US has already used, with the support of the CIA, biological attacks such as the one against Cuba in 1971 when anti-Castro groups sprayed the African swine fever virus on the island.
That is why they know that Islamic countries have these weapons despite the Biological Weapons Convention to "never develop, produce, accumulate, acquire or retain biological weapons." It is estimated that there are about 17 countries in the world with biochemical weapons. 159 countries have signed the biological disarmament treaties, and 35 are reluctant to sign it. Among those with chemical and bacteriological arsenals are Syria, Libya, the US, North Korea, China, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Sudan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Taiwan, Burma and Vietnam.
But neither Russia and Iraq have heeded the Convention and continued to produce biological weapons. The Soviet Union had 18 production and research plants on them. When it left Afghanistan in the late 1980s, its anthrax production capacity was 5,000 tons per year, in addition to the production of other biological weapons. Many of these 250 kg barrels of anthrax bacilli were left behind between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. For this reason it is presumed that Bin Laden possesses biological and chemical weapons, but also nuclear weapons.
Viruses and bacteria can be acquired from more than 1,500 microbial banks around the world. There are no restrictions on international trade in them. Thus, a government or terrorist group can generate biological weapons based on tularemia, anthrax, Q fever, epidemic typhus, smallpox, brucellosis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, botulinum toxin, dengue, Ebola, Mapucho, among others.
Chemical and biological warfare creates a new power relationship for us: biopolitics. And it is necessarily accompanied by the fight for the planet's genetic and biological resources that reinforces biopiracy projects and consequently the biomilitarization of these regions to control gene banks and fight, supposedly, among other things, bioterrorism. The threats of chemical and bacteriological weapons are already beginning to create a state of global alert to the occurrence of anthrax.
Anthrax is a bacterial infection that affects animals, like any other disease, but can infect humans. This bacterium can be genetically manipulated and become a biological weapon since it can be grown easily and at low costs. Anthrax spores are very resistant to the environment and can remain alive for many decades. They can be spread through the air, water, or by contaminating food. The last anthrax epidemic was registered in the Soviet Union in 1979 when the military complex exploded and released a few milligrams of spores that caused the death of at least 69 people. Anthrax can be contaminated through the lungs by inhaling the spores; cutaneously showing symptoms on the skin after having contact with animal tissues; or intestinally when consuming contaminated raw meat. On average it takes 7 days for anthrax to show symptoms. Only 18 Americans were infected with anthrax during the 20th century.
These spores can be physically manifested by means of a white powder or sugar granules. With 30 liters of anthrax in an urban area and moderate winds, between 30 and 100,000 people could die within a radius of 10 square kilometers and it remains alive for 50 to 100 years. This bacterium kills 80% of those infected through the respiratory tract within a few days. So far, anthrax has claimed victims in various parts of the US. But the vaccine against anthrax is called Cipro and the German pharmaceutical company Bayer has the patent, which is now getting rich due to the global demand for the drug. Only 600 thousand vaccines had been supplied to the US armed forces and now millions of tablets of this product are demanded that have a cost of 1.80 dollars each. The US does not have control of this vaccine and is now asking for the possibility of producing the generic compound, a right that has been denied to other countries to control other epidemics such as AIDS.
The bioeconomy is also another of the new elements of interests in wars. This is why the US has refused to sign the Convention on Biological Diversity (in addition to the International Criminal Court, the Kyoto Protocol and the Convention on Landmines). On July 25, the US rejected the protocol of the 1972 Convention on Biological and Toxic Weapons (CABT). After 7 years of negotiations, it was approved by 143 UN countries. The new provisions of the Convention would oblige countries to report where they are conducting research on genetic manipulation of germs as weapons and where the sites would be subject to international inspection. Do not forget that the US pharmaceutical industry produces 40% of the world's drugs and that the Battelle Memorial Institute is a military contractor that has been selected to create genetically modified anthrax. The percentage of the total population of scientists and biochemists currently working with US funding is between 12 and 32% of the total worldwide.
In this war, the military industry is the most benefited of all. Lockheed Martin, the world's leading defense group and the largest US military contractor, which manufactures missiles and special vehicles, as well as F16 fighters, increased their shares by 28.2%, and which the US air force tasked with developing. a smart bomb weighing more than 100 kilos. Raytheon Co., the third largest weapons contractor in the US, which makes Tomahawk missiles and Patriot anti-missiles, its shares rose 21%, and it is estimated that from October to December of this year its profits will be around 4 billion of dollars. When the US announced the possibility of selling 48 Tomahawk missiles to England, the beneficiary would be the Raytheon Missile System Company.
General Dynamics has projected the development of new war tanks in the amount of 4 billion dollars. This company bought Gulfstream Aerospace when Defense Minister Donald Rumsfeld was its director. Dynamics manufactures battle tanks, assault vehicles, artillery, destroyers, submarines. This company announced earnings of 3 billion dollars for this year. It recently acquired Motorola's Integrated Information Systems division. We also found another war company: Northrop Grumman, which manufactures B-2 bombers, radar missiles, cruisers and destroyers. On the other hand, Boeing is the world's leading aircraft manufacturer and specializes in air-launched missiles, and their shares also increased, although they laid off 30,000 workers. 60% of Boing's revenues depend on civil aviation.
The Bin Laden family owns shares in the satellite telephone company Iridium, made up of 19 companies, including the US military industries Martin Marrieta, Lockheed and Raytheon, companies that increased the costs of their shares the most after September 11. A brother of Osama Bin Laden, Hassan Bin Laden, is a member of the Middle East affiliate of Iridium accused by the North American Congress of selling qualified information on the North American missile system to China.
The US has 71 military complexes around the world and 800 air, naval and infantry bases, surveillance posts, espionage, communications and weapons depots. Today, US military expenditures amount to $ 316 billion (3% of its GDP and 60% of Mexico's GDP). This budget is expected to reach 400 billion dollars to continue the most criminal bombing of the last decades. Let us remember that after World War II, in the last 55 years, the US has bombed 20 countries: China (1945/46 and 1950/53; Korea (1950/53); Guatemala (1954, 1960, and 1967/69); Indonesia (1958); Cuba (1959/1960); Congo (1964); Peru (1965); Laos (1964/73); Vietnam (1961/73); Cambodia (1969/70); Grenada (1983); Libya ( 1986); El Salvador (1980s); Nicaragua (1980s); Panama (1989); Iraq (1991/2001); Sudan (1998); Afghanistan (1998); Yugoslavia (1999) and Afghanistan (2001). It has also supported the creation of military dictatorships and coups d'état.
One plus One, Millennium, Chronicle, This Country, La Jornada, Process, Political Work, Vertigo, Change, Southern Process, Impact, The Crisis, Epoch, National Economy, USA Today, UNICEF, UN, ILO, UNHCR, etc.
CIEPAC is a member of the Movement for Democracy and Life (MDV) of Chiapas; of the Mexican Network of Action Against Free Trade (RMALC;) www.rmalc.org.mx; Convergence of Movements of the Peoples of the Americas (COMPA;) www.sitiocompa.org; from the Network for Peace in Chiapas; of the Week for Biological and Cultural Diversity www.laneta.apc.org/biodiversity; and the International Forum "Before Globalization, the People come First", Alternatives against PPP http://usuarios.tripod.es/xelaju/xela.htm